Ільчук А., багатопрофільний ліцей для обдарованих дітей, м. Чернівці
Speaking means conveying the message through the words of mouth. This skill is also called “Oral Skill” or “Communication Skill”.
How to Develop Speaking Skills?
To develop this skill, students need intensive practice. Speaking practice is usually done in pair and group work.
Types of Class Activities
Language experts have organized oral skills into four distinctive types.
I. Drills or Linguistically Structured Activities
II. Performance Activities
III. Participation Activities
IV. Observation Activities
Drills or Linguistically Structured Activities
The teacher provides a particular structure and the students practice it by repeating it.
Student 1 to Student 2:
- I’m Noureen. What’s your name? Student 2 to Student 3:
- I’m Adam. What’s your name? etc.
Students get prepared beforehand and deliver a message to a group.
e.g. Student’s Speech
Students participate in some communicative activity in a “natural setting”.
e.g. Discussions on some topics.
Students observe something, write a brief summary and present their findings to the class.
Some Most Commonly Used Activities
- Short Speeches
- Gap Activities
- Role Play
1. Students may be given some easy topics.
2. Students prepare them in verbal or written form.
3. Students come to stage or deliver a lecture or speech for the given time frame before the class.
1. It is a form of a dialogue.
2. One person has some information which the other person does not have.
3. An interview or self introduction is an activity of this kind.
4. In this way the information gap is filled.
5. This activity removes students’ hesitation.
1. This is also a form of a dialogue.
2. Students may be asked to play different roles in the form of a drama.
One student acts like a shopkeeper and the other as a customer in a shopping situation.
This exercise will encourage the students to speak in real life situations.
1. The teacher offers some topics or pictures and gives the students instructions on how to proceed.
2. The students discuss the topic.
3. Then the teacher or the leader of a group asks questions and discussions are carried out.