Іщук А. П., СШ «Центр надії», м. Рівне
Соціокультурний компонент навчанняіноземної мови є суттєвою частиною чинноїПрограми з англійської мови в навчальних закладах. Формування соціокультурної компетенції забезпечує володіння учнями шкіл іноземною мовою як засобом пізнання іншомовної культури та міжкультурної комунікації.
У старших класах формування соціокультурної компетенції відбувається шляхом критичного соціокультурного аналізу автентичних англомовних текстів здебільшого художнього стилю. Це передбачає активізацію навчальнопізнавальної діяльності учнів у процесі вилучення соціокультурної інформації з текстів, її осмислення та інтерпретації. Читаючи автентичні англомовні тексти художнього стилю, старшокласники знайомляться з фрагментами національної культури, де відображається специфіка світогяду носіїв мови. Вони занурюються у національно-культурну специфіку мовлення суспільства. Крім того, цей вид діяльності має природну мотивацію, оскільки в умовах відсутності іншомовного й іншокультурного середовища найбільш реальним видом спілкування є опосередкована міжкультурна комунікація через читання.
The Power of the Word
T. To begin our lesson let’s turn to the greatest book of the world “The Bible”. “In the beginning there was the Word” John І. Today we’ll make a journey into the world of the word.
??What can we come across this journey?
P. Making a journey into the world of the word, I can come across the every sphere of human activity where the word can be used or can be seen.
T. You are right but name the ways you use the word.
P1. As for me the word is the main tool in our communication. I mean we differ from animals because we can speak.
P2. The word is very necessary in the upbringing. The reason I think so is they it builds our character and personality. The quotation by Frank Outlaw “Watch your thoughts, they become words, Watch your words, they become actions…” proves my thought.
P3. I think the word is the main source of knowledge which is reflected in different kinds of books. Moreover, books bring new words into the cultures, enrich their vocabulary and they stimulate people to learn about far lands ands to study new languages.
T. I completely agree with you. Books bring the word into society. They have become the main source of knowledge.
Some of your classmates have prepared the examples from the world literature to prove that books join nations and help people understand other cultures, traditions, mentality and peculiarities of their languages better.
P1. “A Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen was controversial when it had been published. It sharply criticized the 19th century marriage norms. The theme of the play is not only women’s rights, but rather the need of every individual to reveal what kind of person he or she really is. Moreover, he strives to become that sort of personality. Due to the radical departure from traditional behaviour and a theatrical convention involved in Nora’s desire to leave her home, her act of slamming the door represents the play itself and the mentality of that period.
P2. Charles Dickens in his “Christmas Carol” introduces Christian traditions in Britain. The story about Scrooge who changes his mind and helps his workers moves people to the Christmas celebration, as a time of generosity and love. This story brings us into world of Christmas folk songs, traditional Christmas food, Santa Claus and stockings.
P3. Taras Shevchenko represented the intellectual maturity of the Ukrainian language and its culture through his work as a poet. Besides, his poems completed the creation of the system of symbolic representations in Ukrainian national identity.
T. I see that you are great readers. Look at the blackboard. The statement says “If you want to understand the nation, study books”. How do you understand it?
P1. Сomparing the language in Shakespeare’s plays to Austen’s books to J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, there’s a definite difference. And it’s not just language that you can see changing — society and culture have changed as well. Through literature, you can see how gowns and carriages have become blue jeans and sports cars.
P2. Also, through books, we experience things that we cannot experience in real life. A book is a source of entertainment and learning all jumbled up into one.
P3. I think a book is an international means of communication so its power is just overwhelming. It enables individuals to transmit their feelings, thoughts, knowledge, perceptions, by putting it all into a piece of paper to find its way into the hands of a little boy or girl across the world, maybe years from now… imagine how much he or she might learn and grow
from it. A book can literaly make a person. How do people open up their minds? How do we learn the thoughts of others, both nationaly and internationaly? It is a book.
P4. Reading books is important for many reasons. For many individuals, it serves as an escape from reality. I find myself getting lost in good stories. Reading books is like watching movies, except you visualize the story inside your head. It helps enhance your imagination. Other reasons include: expanding your vocabulary, learning about life, learning about the world without even having to travel, improving reading comprehension and enhancing your critical thinking skills. You can also discuss the books you read with other intellectuals and have some very interesting conversations or arguments.
T. Let’s combine your thoughts in our own booklet “Across Cultures with a book”. Your task is to write your ideas and thoughts you have learnt from our devotion.
1. I think it is important to read different books by different authors throughout your life. Reading books truely expands your mind.
2. Books bring nations closer to each other.
3. Books bring new words into cultures and enrich their vocabulary; moreover, they stimulate people to study other languages.
4. Books show us a variety of cultures among communities, nations and races.
5. They open the world of relation ships between nations and cultures.
6. Books teach us a tolerant attitude to other traditions, convictions and values.
7. Books are the mirrors of a certain epoch or national outlook.
8. Books help us perceive other cultures.
9. With the help of books we can understand the mentality of different nations at any times.
T. Today we’ve talk about books and the power of the word which is the bridge to other counties. Let’s sum up our lesson. What is the word? And what is the book?
P1. To sum up I want to remind the words by Thomas Merton “For each of us, there is only one thing necessary: to fulfill our own destiny, by getting more information from books”.
P2. Real masterpieces don’t need any corrections, because all their words are always true and everyone can find an answer to every question. Reading is a bridge to knowledge and success. Books will survive.