Holidays and traditions in Great Britain and Ukraine (level: Pre-intermediate)

Карнашенко О. Г., ЗОШ № 2, м. Бобровиця, Чернігівська обл.


Мета: узагальнити та систематизувати знання учнів про традиції та свята Великої Британії та України, ознайомити учнів зі святом проліска, ввести нові лексичні одиниці в мовлення, вчити учнів висловлювати власну думку; розвивати монологічне та діалогічне мовлення, техніку читання, навички розуміти почуту інформацію; виховувати любов до традицій нашого народу та народу країни, мову якої вивчають.

Обладнання: роздавальний матеріал.

 

Хід уроку

 
І. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу
 
Мовна зарядка. Метод «Мікрофон»
T. Throwing a ball say “I am crazy about… How about you?”
 
 
II. Основна частина уроку
 
Повідомлення теми і мети уроку
 
T. Today we’ll speak about customs and traditions in Great Britain. By the end of the lesson you’ll be able:
  • to talk about some holidays and special holidays and special days in Britain;
  • to understand new words and word-combinations while listening to the text.
 
Формування навичок монологічного мовлення
(На екрані розміщенні прислів’я.)
  • How many countries how many customs.
  • Every country has its own customs.
 
T. Read the proverbs and answer the questions.
1. Do you agree with these statesman?
2. How can you explain them?
 
 
Перевірка домашнього завдання
 
T. Every country and every nation has its own traditions and customs. We cannot speak about England without speaking about its traditions and customs. Englishman are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. Before telling about customs read another proverbs and say why are they her? (Учні розповідають про звички англійців.)
 
Формування навичок монологічного мовлення та читання
(The pupils are divided into two groups. One group will be Englishmen. And other group will be Ukrainian.)
 
T. I’ll give you a task. Your task is fill the table. (10 minutes)

Letter

Holiday

The date of

celebration

Main

traditions

Wishes

 

 

 

 

 

 

The text for helping (for every team)
 
English and Ukrainian Holidays
 
  • In March there is also a holiday for English women — Mother’s Day. People in the family try to make it a day off for Mother and help her in any way they can. On that day they visit their mothers and give them some presents. If they can’t do it they send their mothers “Mother’s Day card”.
  • In April or at the end of March people celebrate Easter Day. They celebrate it as the start of spring or a religious festival. In England it is time to give and get presents. On Easter Sunday children get chocolate Easter eggs or rabbits. The Easter holidays are at the end of March and in the first half of April. School children go back to school after Easter.
  • In June, the English people celebrate Father’s Day, when children send cards and give presents to their fathers.
  • On the 25th of December there is the greatest holiday of all in England — Christmas. People give each other presents and send Christmas cards. School children have their Christmas holidays. Most of the banks, offices and industrial enterprises close for holidays too. The traditional English dinner on Christmas Day is roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
  • On the 31st of October there is a nice holiday for children — Halloween. People put pumpkins on the window sills. They carve eyes, noses and mouths on the pumpkins and put candles in them, making the pumpkins appear to have a face. Children dress up in funny costumes, and go from house to house collecting candy.
  • People decorate their houses and usually have a fir-tree which stands in the corner of the room. Those fir-trees are very beautiful. The presents are usually put under these trees. Our parents prepare to this holiday well. They buy a New Year tree, decorate it, buy a lot of tasty food and drinks.
  • Ivana Kupala Day is the day of summer solstice celebrated in Russia and Ukraine on the 7th of July. The girls sing special songs (“kupalni”), with a lot of references to love and marriage. They also put a burning candle in the middle of a flower garland and float it on the water and tell their fortunes from the behavior of the garland in the water.
  • St. Nicholas’ Day was a time of great fun in Ukraine. On this day, people would invite guests in and sleighs would be ridden around the village to see if the snow was slippery (icy). This was the holiday for young children, for they would receive gifts from St. Nicholas, the patron saint of children. “St. Nicholas” was often accompanied by “angels” and might have quizzed the children on their catechism. St. Nicholas Day, not Christmas, is the usual gift-giving day in much of Europe including Ukraine, although for Christmas it was the custom of all members in the family to get a new article of clothing.
  • This is a holiday of both joy and sorrow. A great tribute is bestowed to those who gave their lives during World War II. Veterans gather together remembering those who perished. People go to the Monuments to put flowers.
  • In England, Shrove Tuesday is the day for pancakes. At home, families have pancakes to dinner. At school, the children and teachers have pancakes for school dinner, and in restaurants customers often ask for pancakes on Shrove Tuesday. Shrove Tuesday always falls 47 days before Easter Sunday, so the date varies from year to year and falls between 3 February and 9 March.
 
Формування навичок аудіювання
 
T. Guess what flower is it? These are the first flowers that fight winter, coming out right from the snow to start blooming and show the beauty of their white flowers.
 
Дотекстова підготовка. Словникова робота
  • fragile — крихкий
  • Paradise — рай
  • expel — виганяти
  • carnival — карнавал
  • petal — пелюстка
  • conquer — завойовувати
 
Прослуховування тексту
 
The Day of Snowdrops
 
The Day of Snowdrops is celebrated in England on the 19th of April. In England snowdrops are the symbols of spring. These are the first flowers that fight winter, coming out right from the snow to start blooming and show the beauty of their white, fragile bells. According to a legend, if you listen really carefully, you can hear the ringing of the bells — they ring together to wake up sleeping nature.
 
An old Christian legend tells a tale of Adam and Eve, at the times when they were expelled from the Paradise. It happened on a cold day, during a heavy and frosty snowstorm. When Eve was about to give up her hope, an angel appeared and turned some of the snowflakes into snowdrop flowers. This is how Snowdrops became a symbol of hope.
 
Another interesting legend mentions the goddess of nature, Flora, gave carnival costumes to all flowers, including a white one for Snowdrop and Snow. They shared they carnival costume, danced and sang together, having a lot of good time. At the end of the carnival they both liked each other so much that they agreed to meet every year in the springtime.
 
An old Russian legend mentions a Grandmother Winter, Grandfather Wind and Cold who decided not to let the Lady Spring come to Earth. All of the flowers, except Snowdrop, became scared of Winter and wilted away. The Snowdrop was the only brave flower to show its petals from snow, which warmed the soul of a Sun, helping the Lady Spring arrive and conquer the cold.
 
 
Виконання післятекстових завдань
(See Card)
 
 
ІІІ. Заключна частина уроку
 
Підсумки уроку. Метод «Мозковий штурм»
 
(Учні отримують малюнки пролісків, на них пишуть побажання, зачитують і клеять до вази.)
 
Домашнє завдання
Прочитати вірш, намалювати малюнок, скласти загадку про пролісок.
 
Oh snowdrops, I think that
You came in the night,
In only your nighties
And that’s why you’re white.
The world was all sleeping
With never a sound,
You wanted to see it
So came through the ground.
 
 
Card
 
Put “+” near the correct statements and “–” near the wrong one.
 
1. The Day of Snowdrops is celebrated in England on the 19th of April.
2. Snowdrops are the symbols of autumn.
3. These are the first flowers that fight winter.
4. They ring together to wake up sleeping nature.
5. An old Christian legend tells a tale of Adam and Eve.
6. The story with Adam and Eve happened on a hot day.
7. An angel appeared and turned some of the snowflakes into snowdrop flowers.
8. Flora didn’t give carnival costumes to Snowdrop.
9. After carnival Snowdrop and Snow agreed to meet every year in the springtime.
10. An old Ukrainian legend mentions a Grandmother Winter, Grandfather Wind and Cold who decided not to let the Lady Spring come to Earth.
11. The Tulip was the only brave flower to show its petals from snow.
12. The Snowdrop helped the Lady Spring arrive and conquer the cold.
 
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Відгуки читачів

  • Марина Бланк

    08 лютого 2016

    Спасибо, нашла.

  • Марина Бланк

    08 лютого 2016

    Где же презентация? Пожалуйста, подскажите.