Objectives: to develop pupils’ listening and communication skills, critical thinking and imagination through various creative interactive activities; to activate the vocabulary on the topic; to teach pupils to work in groups; to teach pupils to make and present their own projects on the topic; to teach pupils to work with different sources of information; to help pupils understand the global threats facing our planet and take actions to improve the situation; to widen the pupils’ knowledge about ecological situation on the Earth, in Ukraine and in the native town — Shostka; to cultivate in pupils a sense of responsibility for their actions, adherence to an active civic position; to educate a good attitude towards the nature; to develop pupils’ attention, a quick reaction, creative skills.
Visual aids and supplements: pictures of nature, photos, badges, poems, a globe, a multimedia screen, a computer, estimation cards, pupils’ projects, a Power Point presentation on the topic, tests.
Type: integrated; a lesson of controlling knowledge and skills on the topic.
Introducing the topic and the aim of the lesson
(At the beginning of the lesson an English teacher recites a poem “What have they done to the world?” Pupils listen to the teacher.)
What have they done to the seas, my friends?
What have they done to the seas?
What have they done to the rivers, my friends?
What have they done to the trees?
What have they done to our land, my friends?
This land which is ours from our birth.
What have they done to our forests, my friends?
What have they done to the Earth?
What have they done to the skies, my friends?
Skies that are blue and so clear.
What have they done to the skies, my friends?
What have they done to the air?
T. Good morning, dear pupils, guests of the lesson! I am very glad to see you. Welcome to our home, Planet Earth! The topic of our lesson is “Environmental protection”. Today we’ll speak about the ecological problems out Planet faces, the main factors of the pollution, about the ways of solving these problems. We’ll widen our knowledge about ecological situation in Ukraine and in our native town. You know if we are active participants in the protection of our environment, we’ll help our Planet survive and keep it healthy for future generations. Today you’ll present your own projects on the topic, do some tests. We’ll work together at our lesson and I’m sure that our work will be interesting and fruitful.
Pupils! Take self-estimation cards and during the lesson tick the activity you take part in. At the end of the lesson you’ll count your points and hand them in to me.
T. Dear pupils! I would like to sound the motto of our lesson: “Our world is a nice place and it’s worth fighting for”. I like these words of the great English writer Ernest Hemingway. They are so urgent nowadays. How do you understand this phrase?
(Pupils give their own explanations.)
P1. Our Planet is our home and we must take care of it. We must help our Planet Earth survive.
P2. We must save our Planet for all people, for all leaving creatures, for future generations.
P3. We, young people, understand our great role in solving ecological problems because everybody wants to see our Planet clean and beautiful.
P4. Our Planet Earth is only a tiny part of the universe, but nowadays it’s the only place we can live.
T. What state document reminds us about environmental protection?
P1. It’s article 67 of our Constitution. It reads: “Citizens of Ukraine are obliged to protect nature and conserve its riches”.
P2. New laws and decisions are adopted every year. Their aim is to protect the atmosphere from pollution, protect the country’s land resources, control the use of water resources, save plants, animals and birds.
T. Children! You know April 22 is a special day around the world. On this day all people of our planet celebrate Earth Day. It’s a time when people show that they take care of our planet. It’s a day for people to learn what they can do to preserve the Earth. Can you tell me what you do on this day?
(Pupils tell about their activities on this day.)
P1. We work on our school plots digging the
P2. We rake the leaves and hang bird-houses.
P3. We plant new trees and bushes.
T. Good for you, my dear children. I really see that you take care of our environment.
II. The main part of the lesson
T — P1, P2, P3…
T. I wonder what environmental problems we have nowadays.
(Pupils name ecological problems ( land pollution, air pollution, greenhouse effect, water pollution, ozone holes, climate changes, acid rains, ect.) and stick pieces of paper with these problems on the globe.)
T. Children! What causes these problems? Please, tell me.
(Pupils give their own answers.)
P1. It’s a scientific and technological progress.
P2. If we speak about Ukraine, it’s Chernobyl explosion, of course.
P3. To my mind, it’s nuclear waste.
P4. Unfortunately, these are chemical weapons.
P5. It’s a waste of minerals.
P6. Cars, of course.
P7. I think these are deforestations.
T. Can you tell me what they result in?
P1. People’s health is damaged.
P2. We can observe great changes in weather patterns (global warming).
P3. As a result, we have annihilation of plants, animals and birds.
T. It’s a pity that we have such problems. We must solve them.
Checking up homework. Presentation and defence of pupils’ project works
T. Children! At the beginning of our work at the projects we had a key-question “Can we save our Planet?” You’ve been exploring this problem for two weeks solving some thematic questions: What causes the environmental problems? What are the ways of solving these problems to lessen the pollution and protect the environment? You’ve explored ecological problems of the Earth, Ukraine and Shostka. As you see, today we’ll work in groups. Each group has an opportunity to present and defend its project.
So, group one will be the first. While the members of this group present their creative project, other two groups estimate pupils’ activity according to the criteria.
(Pupils get cards to estimate projects: the number of slides if it’s a presentation, the information content of the project, its design, style, literacy, etc. Some pupils get tests on the topic to do them on the computer with their following estimation. Then other groups present their projects.)
Pupils’ interview (Method “Microphone”)
T. Children! Having listened to the defence of your projects, I’d like to sum up again how we can save our planet.
(Teacher asks different questions.)
1. What must we do to stop acid rains?
2. How can we save seas, rivers and lakes?
3. How can we stop greenhouse effect?
4. In what way can people reserve rainforests?
P1. To stop acid rains we need to make factories and power stations cleaner.
P2. To save seas, rivers and lakes clean it’s necessary to stop polluting them.
P3. To stop pollution we need to:
buy products with as little packing as possible;
use and throw away fewer carrier bags;
waste less paper;
turn rubbish into energy;
use rubbish after recycling;
throw bottles, broken glasses, gum, candy, icecream wrappers into big rubbish bins.
P4. To avoid chemicals in food we need to use fewer chemicals in food production.
P5. We can stop greenhouse effect by:
using natural energy;
stopping to use chloro-fluoro-carbon gases that are in refrigerators and plastic boxes for hamburgers and pizzas.
P6. People can reserve rainforests making them national parks.
T. So, we know how to solve some ecological problems. But what can we do to live healthy?
(Pupils give their own answers.)
P1. We must buy fresh food that doesn’t need much packing.
P2. We must buy fruit and vegetables from farmers who don’t use chemicals.
P3. We must save as much water as possible.
P4. We must save paper and wood.
P5. We must use bicycles as often as we can.
P6. We must use batteries as little as possible. It takes 50 times more energy to make them than they produce.
T. Children! Let’s hope that our mankind will cope with all ecological problems and preserve our Planet for future generations. Fortunately, it’s not too late to solve these problems. We have enough time, money, technologies and a great desire to make our Planet a better, cleaner and safer place.
(Pupils take away the pieces of paper with ecological problems written on them from the globe to show that they are ready to help our Planet.)
Ps (together). Let our Planet Earth live long!
P1. Blue and wonderful!
P2. Green and sunny!
P3. Friendly and beautiful!
T. Children! What have we done at our today’s lesson? (Pupils answer.) All of you took an active part in our lesson and tried to do your best. I’m satisfied with your project works. They are wonderful. (The teacher estimates the pupil’s work at the lesson. Pupils tick the activities they’ve taken part in in their self-estimation cards, count their points and hand them in to the teacher.)
T. Pupils! At home you will write your suggestions on the environmental protection to the newspaper “Our Planet”.
I would like to finish our lesson with the “Pledge of allegiance to the Earth”: “I pledge allegiance to the Earth, to its flora and fauna and human life that it supports. I know that our planet is indivisible with safe air, water and soil”. (The melody “Packing Boxes” by Boxes Jan A.P. Kaczmarek is heard. The words of this pledge are given to all the guests of the lesson.)
The lesson is over. Good-bye.
Карп’юк О. Д. Англійська мова: Підручник для 11 класу загальноосвітніх навчальних закладів. Рівень стандарту. — Тернопіль : Астон, 2011. — 296 с.
Полупан В. Л. Ukraine. A cultural reader / В. Л. Полупан, А. П. Полупан, В. В. Махова. — Х. : Гімназія, Країна мрій, 2012. — 188 с.