Environmental Protection (level — intermediate)

 О. Лапіна, НВК № 16, м. Мелітополь, Запорізька обл.

 

If you don’t think about the future,

 you will not have one.

John Galsworthy

Aims of the lesson

l.    To develop academic communication skills, critical thinking, cross-cultural awareness through project work.

2.   To encourage responsible leadership, stimulate research activities using new technologies.

3.   То help people to understand the global threats facing our planet and take actions to improve the situation.


 

The procedure of the lesson

 

1. Greeting

T. Good morning, dear students. I’m very glad to see that you are well and ready to work hard and to get know­ledge.

2. Motivation

T. I’d like to start our lesson with the “Earth song” (sticking the poster with the Earth image on the blackboard) by M. Jackson. Listen to the song, watch the clip and think about the main idea of it.

(Listening to the song)

T. What is this song about? Choose and stick the pictures on the poster.

Ps. The song is about:

Pollution of air by plants and factories

Destruction of forests

Littering

Dirty rivers, seas, oceans

Extinction of animals and plants

The contamination of the soil

Heating and greenhouse effect

T. Thank you. What topic can you suggest to generalize your ideas?

P1. The problems with our environment

P2. The environmental protection

P3. The ecological situation

T. What do you like best?

P. I think “The environmental protection” goes best because it includes not only the environmental problems but the ways of solving them.

T. So, the topic of today’s lesson is “Environmental Protection”.

And we’ll discuss the ways of environmental protection.

3. Gathering the information

T. What should we know to start making pollution solutions?

P1. We should know the facts of environmental situation.

P2. We should know the sources of pollution.

P3. We should know the kinds of pollution.

P4. We should know the consequences of the contamination.

T. What facts have you found? (As I have read, as far as I know, as I have seen on Discovery channel)

P1. 40 % of the world’s rainforests have disappeared in the last 20 years.

P2. Today only in South America 50 hectares disappear every minute.

P3. Millions of animals are killed every year.

P4. By the 2030 year 25 % of animals, birds, fish, and insects may be extinct.

P5. If you throw an aluminum can out, it will still litter the Earth up to 500 years later.

P6. It takes 500.000 trees just to make the newspapers we read every day.

P7. Over one third of the emission in atmosphere originates from automobile transport.

P8. A leaky tap can waste 3000 gallons of water a year.

P9. Every year 5000 miles of hedgerow disappear and the insects, birds and animals they support.

T. Thanks. Look at these facts, are they terrible? But what are the main sources of pollution?

P1. Plants and factories.

P2. Cars on the roads of big cities.

P3. Destruction of forests.

P4. Hunting.

P5. Nuclear power stations.

P6. Rubbish.

P7. Pesticides and herbicides in the fields.

T. What kinds of pollution can you name?

P1. Air pollution.

P2. Water pollution.

P3. Land pollution.

P4. Radioactive contamination.

P5. Littering.

T. Each of you has worked with different sources of information. What facts can you suggest that will prove the dangerous consequences of heavy pollution?

P1. I guess one of the most serious pollution problems is acid rains. First, cars and factories send gases and chemicals into the air. There they mix and are carried for hundreds of miles by the wind. Finally, they fall back when it rains. This acid rain kills fish and trees. It slowly destroys buildings as well.

P2. I want to add that every year the sea is getting more and more polluted. It contains more and more chemicals and rubbish. Many animals are suffering.

P3. The fact is pollution from cars and factories is making a hole in the ozone layer bigger. The hole allows many dangerous rays through.

P4. I have learnt that the Sea of Azov has experienced serious problems of industrial and municipal waste-water contamination and increased levels of salinity. It has resulted in a dramatic drop in fish catches (by 60–90 per cent)

P5. Farmers often spray pesticides on crops to protect them. Scientists have found that pesticides can cause health problems when they end up in food, especially for kids.

P6. People cut down trees to provide land, paper, wood, fuel.

P7. Man hunts and kills animals for sport or for their fur or skin.

T. We realize that polluted air, water and land are very dangerous for animals, plants, and people.

So what to do?

4. Discussion of project

T. I offer you to solve these problems through making a project. I advise you to work in three groups. Do you mind working in groups? Change your place if you like and choose the leader of your group.

Look at your desks. You have got folders with the information and pictures. You have already collected. There are also cards with lexical items, and texts on the desks. All the additional information you’ll get at the lesson you have to collect and put into your folders. So it’s time to choose the name of our project. What ideas have you got?

P1. I’d like to call it “The Earth in danger”.

P2. I’d rather call it “How to save our planet”.

P3. What do you think about the name “We are caretakers”?

T. What name do you like best?

Ps. “How to save our planet”.

T. What do you think we can do to save our planet?

Ps. We can make solutions.

T. All right! But first let’s revise how to make a project?

P1. First of all we should choose a good idea.

P2. Then we have to make a plan.

P3. After that we have to collect the information.

P4. And then we must discuss possible results.

T. I think the result of our project work will be your letters or compositions on the topic and we apply them on-line in a certain ecological project.

P5. Finally we have to evaluate our work.

T. I entirely agree with you. Let’s look what we have already done.

P1. We have chosen a good idea.

P2. We have already made a plan.

P3. At the previous lessons we have collected some information.

T. By the way what sources did you use to collect the information?

P1. As for me I used the texts from different books we have in our school ­library.

P2. Personally I found a lot of information from newspapers and magazines.

P3. Frankly speaking I dislike reading but I prefer watching TV. The Dis­covery Channel supplies a great deal of facts on environment.

P4. To tell the truth I am hooked on the internet by the way we have collected a lot of information from students’ contributions to the international online project “Do We Have a Spare Planet?” that was facilitated by Macedonian teachers and students.

T. Do you think you have enough information for your project?

Ps. We have a lot of information but we don’t mind against getting more.

5. Lexical work

T. To speak and write freely on the topic let’s revise the topical vocabulary. Read the list of the words and expressions; underline the words, which you need for the topic “Solutions” (Encl. 1)

T. Are you ready? Listen to the tape and check up. If you have missed anything then add it to your list.

T. Are all the words familiar to you?

Ps. Yes, of course.

6. Listening

T. To get more information for our project let’s listen to the text “Measures to be taken”. While listening make a list of pollution solutions. (Encl. 2)

T. Are you ready? Now, look at my list and check yours.

T. Let’s read our solutions. Pollution solutions.

We must:

    Review our wastes

    Consume less

    Recycle more

    Conserve wildlife and nature

    Remove factories from cities

    Use modern technologies

    Redesign, modify purifying systems

    Increase greenery

    Improve ecological situation

    Broaden ecological education

    Set up environmental protection agencies

T. Thank you. Good for you.

7. Reading

T. We continue the discussion of ecological situation. You have got topical texts on the desks. Read the texts and make notes on environmental problems and their sources; consequences of pollution, on pollution solutions. Work in groups, please.

T. Are you ready? Introduce the results of your work. Listen to your friend and fill in the chart.

    Problem

    Source

    Consequences

    Solutions

T. Thank you. It was well done.

8. Results

T. Have we collected enough information for our project? What have you got in your folders?

Ps. We have ecological articles, pictures, topical vocabulary, solution lists and charts.

T. Let’s analyze the work we have already done. Look at the plan of the lesson.

P1. We have already chosen the idea.

P2. We have already made a plan.

P3. We have already collected the information.

P4. We have already discussed the results.

T. Can we evaluate our project work?

Ps. No, our project isn’t ready yet.

9. Homework

T. You have to complete your work at home. You have all the necessary information for your project. Your home task is to write a composition on the topic “How to save our planet”. We’ll stick your works on a special poster so that everyone could read the compositions and write his impressions in the Guest Book.

10. Evaluation

T. As for me I like our lesson very much. Especially I like your work. What about you? Whose work do you like best of all? Who was the best at the lesson?

Ps.

T. I agree with you. I’ll put them excellent.

T. I’d like to know your opinion about the lesson. Make notes in our Guest Book on the following points.

I liked...

I learnt…

I would like to learn more about...

T. Thank you for the lesson. Good-bye.

Додатки

Encl 1

Protection, pollution, ozone layer, to increase the greenery, nuclear weapon, to reduce pollution, to take care of animals, caretakers, poisoned water, to lessen waters, to conserve wildlife, shortage of food, to broaden ecological education, to recycle papers, acid rain, to use modern technologies, to destroy nature, to kill animals, to modify purifying systems, to improve ecological situation.

Encl 2

Measures to Be Taken

We have only few years to attempt to turn things around. We must review our wastes, consume less, recycle more, and conserve wildlife and nature. We have to remove factories and plants from the cities, use modern technologies, redesign and modify systems for cleaning and purifying, protect and increase the greenery and broaden ecological education. These are the main practical measures, which must be taken in order to improve the ecological situation. Some progress has been already made in this direction 159 countries members of UNO have set up environmental protection agencies. They hold conferences discussing ecological problems, set up environmental research centers and take practical urgent measures to avoid ecological catastrophe. There are numerous public organizations such as Green Peace that are doing much to preserve environment.

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