Розминка: необхідність чи надмірність?
Бабенко Н. А., Пухальская Т. Г., ЗОШ № 12, м. Артемівськ, Донецька обл.
Warm-ups are serious section of the lesson planning, though it may seem it’s not important to start your lesson inquiring about your pupils’ health or home problems. But to have your lesson successful and pupils satisfied, you should consider all the details and bear in mind your pupils will be pleased if they feel your personal concern about them. If you get your pupils realize you think about them, you want them to be excellent, they focus on your lesson and be excited. It’s particularly important in junior grades when pupils try to imitate and follow their teacher. No doubt, warm-ups are that linking chain that ensures reliable feedback. According to psychologists’ research warm-ups should contain the six traits in order to work in the classroom:
- teacher’s smile
- students’ interest
Correctly used by the teachers at all grades levels the six-trait model serves as the basic for successful lesson and strong results. A teacher should have ideas as for the beginning of the lesson and foresee students’ response. Thus, it works when in primary school ideas include friends and family, likes and dislikes. Warm-ups are not only questions, they may be games, too.
Considering addiction to the Internet and computer games, a teacher should bare in mind that students of all ages would gladly response to a teacher’s remark like:
- Have you heard about a new computer game?
- Would you like to search the Internet and help me to find a new book by J. K. Rowling?
- Can you play computer games? When did you learn it?
- Who taught you to use the Internet?
- Can you teach me to use it?
- What’s your favourite computer game?
In high school warm-ups would be of interest to the students if they deal with high-tech devices, new car models, prestigious professions, money, travelling abroad, etc. a teacher should provide a starting point in the warm-up.
Let’s consider some kinds of war-ups.
It is good to be used in primary school.
A teacher may use pictures, posters, slogans. It’s aimed at making a child do his/her first steps in oral speech. A child shouldn’t be afraid of making mistakes, otherwise he/she wouldn’t peak at all. He/she would keep “correct” silence. A teacher may start like this:
- Hi, kids! Glad to see you! I can read and write, but I cannot climb. I can’t crawl and can’t fight. But I can draw and dance. And what about you?
- Oh, I can climb and crawl, but I cannot read and write in English. I can fight but I can’t draw. I can watch TV, can play computer games. I can help mum and dad.
- And I have a brother. He can read, write and play computer games.
Sometimes (when the group isn’t too large) students may speak in pairs or even 2 at a time. A teacher may propose to “hypnotize” students to be sure in themselves and be successful at the lesson:
- You are strong, you can jump and run. You can climb and crawl.
- You are a good student. You can speak count up to 100, you can recite poems.
- You are a brilliant student. You will be successful and get 10 or 11.
Children adore their birthdays, and here comes the ‘fortune teller”. A teacher may announce that “here comes the guest” and ask the students to take small pieces of paper out of the box of the ‘fortune teller”. She prophesies, “You’ll get 10 at the English lesson, you’ll win the competition”, or “You’ll be a famous sportsman, you’ll take part in Olympic Games and win the first place”. The “fortune teller” may looks at students’ palms and ask when their birthday is. According to the date she prophesies bright future and successful carrier. Such warm-ups may be held starting from the fourth grade, and become more complicated in senior grades.
Such a warm-up is used to improve word choice and sentence variety. Students are to utter some sentences on a particular topic. Once a word is used, it may not be repeated. If the word has been used, it is finished.
Sentences on the topic “Family”.
- I have a family.
- We are three: father, mother and me.
- My granny cooks cakes.
- Grandpa is a driver.
- Hamster lives with us.
- It’s small and funny.
Note. All these sentences are pronounced by one pupil. In case he/she repeats “my”, he/she loses.
Strong word and number
Such a warm-up aims at introducing new vocabulary and promotes better remembering. We write a new word on the blackboard, make sure students understand the meaning of it and know how to pronounce it correctly. They are to make up a sentence containing a predetermined number of words.
This is a doctor and he helps when you are ill.
I want to be a doctor and help ill people.
To swim, 7
I like to swim in the river.
My brother can’t swim in the river.
To get students interested in the lesson in senior grades, it’s good to start a lesson with magazines containing pictures of the newest cars. The conversation may unroll as follows:
- Have you seen such a car in your city?
- Oh, no. what model is it?
- You see, I am not very keen on cars but I like this one. It’s Jaguar. Would you like to buy it?
- I think, not. It’s very expensive.
- What’s your opinion: can you ear money to buy it?
- It seems to me, not. But having a prestigious profession, may be.
- Can you earn money now?
- No. but I heard children in the USA earn money after school working in hospitals and restaurants.
- Yes, I saw it myself in the USA.
Such warm-ups will encourage your students at the lesson. It does not matter which of the warm-ups you as a teacher subscribe to but it is important that young learners realize they can speak and know English.